Stages of Gum Disease And The Connection To Your Overall Health

Stages of Gum Disease And The Connection To Your Overall Health

If you’ve noticed signs of blood in your sink after brushing your teeth, it could be time to revisit your routine for oral hygiene. Gums that are bleeding could be a warning indication that gum disease is developing.

Gum illness is caused by bacteria present in tartar and plaque. The plaque is an abrasive, sticky film formed on the teeth. It’s composed mainly of mucus, bacteria, food particles, and others. If plaque isn’t cleaned and hardens, it forms tartar and provides the bacteria a place to live, per the American Dental Association (ADA).

Bacteria that live in tartar and plaque can cause gum inflammation known as gingivitis. Tartar is only removed by a dental hygiene professional or dentist.

3 Stages Of Gum Disease

  • Gingivitis. In the early stages, there is swelling, and soft red gums, which are prone to bleeding. If detected early, the condition is often treated on its own by proper cleaning and flossing.
  • Mild to moderate periodontitis. That is mild to moderate. The next stage is characterized by increased inflammation and bleeding within the teeth. This happens when the plaque bacteria produce toxins, and your body’s defenses destroy your gum’s attachment to your tooth. The gums separate from teeth and create pockets of the infected material. The early loss of bone around the teeth can be apparent. The treatment at this point is crucial to stop further loss of bone and tooth loosening.
  • Advanced periodontitis is advanced. This stage can cause further deepening of gum pockets and the destruction of the bone that holds teeth in position. In this phase, teeth can become fragile and have to be removed if the periodontal treatment does not restore bone support.

Periodontal symptoms typically manifest when the condition is in advanced. These symptoms are:

  • Lasting bad breath
  • Red, swollen, sore gums
  • Gums that pull away from tooth (receding gums)
  • The pain when chewing
  • Teeth that are loose or sensitive

Gum Disease Risk Factors

Many risk factors could contribute to the progress to the stage of periodontal illness. It’s crucial to discuss with your periodontist any risks that could be present so that they can accurately identify your problem and create the best treatment strategy. Find out more about the causes of periodontitis to help safeguard your smile.


Smoking tobacco can cause numerous serious diseases, including lung disease, cancer, heart disease, and many other health issues. People who smoke cigarettes are also more likely to develop periodontal disease. Research has shown that smoking cigarettes could be one of the significant risk factors for the progression of periodontal disease.


Research shows that older people have the highest incidence of periodontal disease. Information provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention shows that more than 70 percent of Americans who are 65 or older suffer from one form or another of gum disease.


Studies have revealed that certain people are genetically vulnerable to gum diseases. Even with diligent home oral hygiene practices, those with these traits may be more likely to suffer from periodontal disease.


Certain medications, like oral contraceptives, antidepressants, and heart medications, may impact dental health. As you inform your pharmacist and other health professionals of any medicines you take or any changes to your general health, you must also notify your periodontist.


Stress is associated with many serious illnesses, including cancer, hypertension, and many other health issues. Stress is also an indicator of risk for developing periodontal disease. Research has shown that stress makes it more difficult for the body to fight infection, including periodontal diseases.

How Your Oral Health Affects Your Overall Wellness?

Numerous studies have suggested that the condition of your gums affects your overall health. Examples:

  • Heart health: moderate to severe gum disease has been found to raise inflammation levels across the body. Some studies indicate a link between inflammation due to gum disease, which might be linked to the possibility of stroke, and the heart, which is an inflammation disease.
  • Lung health: Some research suggests that periodontal health can improve the health of those suffering from the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ( COPD). Periodontal diseases can also increase the chance of contracting respiratory illnesses like pneumonia. It can be caused by breathing bacteria that enter the respiratory tract.
  • Nutritional Health: If your teeth are lost due to gum disease, you may find it challenging to eat healthy food like fresh fruit and vegetables. Chewing can lead to poor nutrition, which can, in turn, cause dizziness and fatigue.
  • Emotional health Your smile should be your calling card. People feel more confident when they smile. According to the Academy of General Dentistry of the U.S., dentists extract 20,000,000 teeth annually. 86% believe that social embarrassment is the prominent problem people experience after losing a tooth.


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